The study of the American criminal justice system with an emphasis on Constitutional issues informing police and court practices and procedures and the underlying rational for fair and impartial treatment of citizens in a democratic society.

An in-depth examination of the institution of policing and law enforcement throughout history to the present day. Emphasis on social, political, legal and technological forces shaping the profession. Discussion of the challenges of policing a democratic and diverse society, police discretion and behavior, the effectiveness of particular police interventions, and police reform and accountability.